Treatment of Medical Waste and Application of Sharps Containers

Treatment of Medical Waste and Application of Sharps Containers

Medical waste refers to wastes with direct or indirect infectivity, toxicity, etc. produced by various medical and health institutions in medical treatment, prevention, health care, teaching, scientific research and other related activities. According to categories and attributes, it can be roughly divided into infectious wastes, such as medical wastes that carry pathogenic microorganisms and cause the risk of spreading infectious diseases. Harmful waste, such as discarded medical sharps that can stab or cut the human body. Pathological waste, such as human waste produced in the process of diagnosis and treatment and the corpses of medical laboratory animals. Pharmaceutical waste, such as expired, obsolete, spoiled or contaminated waste medicines. Chemical waste, such as waste chemicals that are toxic, corrosive, flammable and explosive. Then, how to dispose of medical waste in daily medical work, the following is a step-by-step introduction.

According to the category of medical waste, the medical waste shall be placed in the packaging or containers that meet the “Regulations on the Standards and Warning Labels for Special Packaging and Containers for Medical Waste”. And before the medical waste is contained, the medical waste packaging or container shall be carefully inspected to ensure that there is no damage, leakage and other defects.

Infectious waste, pathological waste, damaging waste, pharmaceutical waste and chemical waste cannot be collected together. Small amounts of pharmaceutical waste can be mixed with infectious waste, but should be noted on the label. The management of discarded narcotic, psychoactive, radioactive, toxic and other drugs and their related wastes shall be implemented in accordance with relevant laws, administrative regulations and relevant state regulations and standards.

Waste chemical reagents and waste disinfectants in batches in chemical waste shall be disposed of by specialized agencies. When medical devices such as thermometers and sphygmomanometers containing mercury in batches are scrapped, they should also be handed over to specialized agencies for disposal. High-hazardous wastes such as culture medium, specimens, bacterial strains, and virus seed preservation solutions of pathogens in medical wastes should first be subjected to pressure steam sterilization or chemical disinfection treatment at the place of production, and then collected and disposed of as infectious wastes.

Infectious excrement produced by isolated infectious disease patients or suspected infectious disease patients shall be strictly disinfected in accordance with national regulations, and can be discharged into the sewage treatment system only after reaching the nationally stipulated discharge standards. Double-layer packaging shall be used for medical waste generated by isolated infectious disease patients or suspected infectious disease patients, and they shall be sealed in time. Infectious wastes, pathological wastes and damaging wastes placed in packages or containers shall not be taken out.

When the contained medical waste reaches 3/4 of the packaging or sharps container, an effective sealing method shall be used, so that the sealing of the packaging or container shall be tight and tight, and shall not be leaked during storage or transportation. When the outer surface of a package or container is contaminated with infectious waste, the contaminated area shall be disinfected or a layer of packaging shall be added, and warning signs shall be marked on the outer surface of each package or container.

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