The Right Way to Dispose of Medical Waste

The Right Way to Dispose of Medical Waste

Medical waste refers to wastes with direct or indirect infectivity, toxicity and other hazards generated by medical and health institutions in medical treatment, prevention, health care and other related activities. In general, medical waste can be divided into five categories: infection Sexual waste, damaging waste, pharmaceutical waste, chemical waste and pathological waste. The treatment method of medical waste is a problem that must be paid attention to. If the medical waste is handled incorrectly, it is likely to cause irreversible biological pollution, and the ultimate victim will be human health. Below I will give you a detailed introduction to five types of medical waste and their specific disposal methods.
1. Infectious waste
Medical wastes carrying pathogenic microorganisms and causing the risk of spreading infectious diseases; wastes of plastic, rubber, cotton, fibers and other materials contaminated by blood, body fluids, infectious excrement of patients; pathogen culture medium discarded by microbiology laboratories, Specimens, strains, and virus seed preservation solutions; various discarded medical specimens; domestic garbage generated by isolated infectious disease patients and suspected infectious disease patients.

The right way to collect

1. Collect in yellow medical garbage cans with lids, and cover with special yellow medical garbage bags. When the container is 3/4 full, the garbage bag is sealed and marked with a special logo
2. The pathogen culture medium, specimens and strains of the microbiology laboratory, and the preservation solution of virus strains, etc. are sterilized by pressure steam at the place of production and then collected as infectious wastes
3. Waste urine, pleural and ascites fluid, cerebrospinal fluid and other specimens can be directly discharged into the sewer with sewage treatment system
4. Discarded blood, serum, fecal specimens, and other infectious wastes should be placed in medical garbage bags and covered medical trash cans
5. The waste (including domestic waste) generated by isolated infectious patients or suspected infectious patients should be tightly packed in double-layer yellow medical garbage bags

2. Sharps waste

Discarded medical sharps that can stab or cut the human body. Such as: discarded metal sharps, such as medical needles, suture needles, acupuncture needles, probes, puncture needles and various guide wires, steel nails, surgical saws, etc.; discarded glass sharps, such as coverslips, carrier Slides, glass ampoules, broken glass test tubes.

Correct collection method:
Put directly into the yellow medical sharps box. Note: Choose a sharps box of suitable size, fill it with 3/4 and seal it for transport.

3. Pharmaceutical waste

Expired, obsolete, spoiled or contaminated waste medicines.

Correct collection method:

1. Batches of expired, obsolete, deteriorated or contaminated waste drugs should be collected and registered by the Department of Pharmacy and returned to the manufacturer or handed over to a hazardous waste disposal agency for disposal.
2. A small amount of pharmaceutical waste – bottles including discarded cytotoxic drugs and genotoxic drugs can be directly put into medical waste bags and medical trash cans for infectious waste, but should be marked on the label.

4. Chemical waste
Waste chemicals that are toxic, corrosive, flammable and explosive.

Correct collection method:

Batches of waste chemical reagents (such as ethanol, formaldehyde, xylene, etc.) should be handed over to specialized hazardous waste disposal institutions for disposal.
When medical devices such as mercury-containing thermometers and sphygmomanometers are scrapped in batches, they should be handed over to specialized hazardous waste disposal institutions for disposal.

5. Pathological waste

Human waste and medical laboratory animal carcasses generated in the process of diagnosis and treatment.

Correct collection method:

Put directly into medical waste bags and covered medical trash cans.

Medical waste cannot be mixed with ordinary garbage, and special medical trash cans are required, and used medical sharps need to be placed in a special sharps box.

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