Standard Operating Procedure for the Protection of Medical Sharps Injury

Standard Operating Procedure for the Protection of Medical Sharps Injury

The potential threat of sharps injury to the health of medical staff cannot be ignored. The risk of blood-borne infection caused by occupational exposure caused by sharps injury is becoming more and more serious. It has been reported that sharps injury has become the most important transmission route for blood-borne infections in medical staff. , medical personnel should strictly follow the standard operating procedures for the protection of sharps injuries. ”

First we show off the concept of clear sharps and sharps injuries. Sharps are objects that can pierce the skin. Including needles such as injection needles, puncture needles and suture needles, various medical or testing sharps, glass slides, broken glass test tubes, ampoule fixed dentures and exposed metal wires and laboratory monitoring equipment, etc. Sharps injuries are skin injuries caused by sharps.

Sharps injury protection should follow the principle of priority, with risk removal first, followed by engineering measures, behavioral controls, and finally personal protection and post-exposure precautions.

(1) Elimination of risks
The most effective measures for sharps injury protection are to eliminate the workplace hazards as completely as possible, such as minimizing the use of sharps or needles, eliminating all unnecessary injections, and using a needle-free system for intravenous injections.

(2) Engineering control
Control or divert workplace hazards through engineering controls, such as the use of sharps disposal containers (also known as safety boxes) or the immediate recycling, sheathing, or passivation of used needles (also known as safety needle devices or protective sharps that damage the device).

(3) Management measures
Develop policies to limit exposure to hazards, such as adopting standard prevention strategies, including the formation of worker health and safety committees and needlestick injury prevention committees, development of occupational exposure risk control plans, removal of all unsafe devices, and ongoing training in the use of safety devices.

(4) Behavior Control
Reduce occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens through behavioral changes, such as eliminating needle reuse, placing sharps boxes at eye level and within arm reach, emptying sharps boxes before they are full, Establish facility methods for the safe handling and disposal of sharps before beginning a medical procedure.

The following measures can effectively reduce the injury caused by medical sharps.

1. In the process of invasive diagnosis and treatment, nursing, and experimental operations, it is necessary to ensure sufficient light, and special attention should be paid to prevent being stabbed or scratched by sharp objects such as needles, suture needles, and blades.

2. Adopt new technology, such as the use of sharps with safety protection devices.

3. Eliminate unnecessary sharps and needles, such as the use of suitable electrocautery, blunt needles and U-shaped needles.

4. Use a scalpel with a blade retracting device or a blade disposal integrated device to avoid being hurt by the scalpel when loading and unloading the blade.

5. Sharps should be delivered in a delivery container during surgery to avoid injury to medical staff.

6. After the sharps are used up, they should be placed directly in the sharps box with anti-puncture, anti-leakage, warning signs or safety labels and Chinese warning instructions for proper disposal.

7. It is forbidden to reuse disposable medical supplies, to bend contaminated needles, to separate used needles and needle tubes by hand, to directly touch contaminated needles, blades and other sharps, and to use both hands to cover needle caps. , If you need to cap, you can only cap with one hand or borrow a special cap device.

8. It is forbidden to directly take contaminated and broken glass objects with hands, and should be handled with brushes, garbage shovels and clips.

9. When dealing with dirt, it is strictly forbidden to grab the dirt directly with your hands, especially you cannot stretch your hands into the garbage container to squeeze the waste down, so as to avoid being stabbed by sharp objects.

In the standardized disposal of medical sharps, the participation of sharps boxes and medical trash cans is inseparable. To buy sharps boxes and medical trash cans, you need to buy yellow products with eye-catching warning signs, and these containers must be of good quality. , with puncture-resistant properties. If you want to buy related products, please visit the official website of Boyue https://cn-boyue.com/, Boyue is a company specializing in the production of medical sharp gas containers. Boyue has more than ten years of experience in this field. All products produced are up to standard!

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